Laws or ordinances unobserved, or partially attended to, had better never have been made.
GEORGE WASHINGTON, letter to James Madison, Mar. 31, 1787
Bad laws are the worst sort of tyranny.
EDMUND BURKE, speech at Bristol previous to the election of 1780
The law is the public conscience.
THOMAS HOBBES, Leviathan
Reason is the life of the law, nay the common law is nothing else but reason.
SIR EDWARD COKE, Institutes: Commentary upon Littleton
The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal bread.
ANATOLE FRANCE, The Red Lily
Every new time will give its law.
MAXIM GORKY, The New Lawyer’s Wit and Wisdom
Laws are like cobwebs, which may catch small flies, but let wasps and hornets break through.
JONATHAN SWIFT, A Critical Essay upon the Faculties of the Mind
Laws grind the poor, and rich men rule the law.
OLIVER GOLDSMITH, The Traveller
Accursed be the city where the laws would stifle nature’s!
LORD BYRON, The Two Foscari
Laws made by common consent must not be trampled on by individuals.
No organic law can ever be framed with a provision specifically applicable to every question which may occur in practical administration. No foresight can anticipate nor any document of reasonable length contain express provisions for all possible questions.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, First Inaugural Address, Mar. 4, 1861
Law is a bottomless pit.
JOHN ARBUTHNOT, The History of John Bull
The law was made for one thing alone, for the exploitation of those who don’t understand it.
BERTOLT BRECHT, The Threepenny Opera
Justizzentrum Leoben (Austria)
This is trully a 5-star prison made with Beautiful glass and stainless steel office building. It was designed by architect Joseph Hohensinn, completed in November 2004. Nowadays, with 205 inmates, the prison is fully booked.
Sark Prison (Guernsey)
Sark Prison is located on the Island of Sark in Guernsey.It was built in 1856 and is apparently the smallest in the world, as it can house only 2 prisoners.
This prison the Super-maximum security prison called United States Penitentiary Administrative Maximum Facility (ADX) in Florence, Colorado, USA. Inmates are only allowed out of their cells for 9 hours a week and barely interact with anyone. ADX is a prison intended for the worst felons in the country.
Aranjuez Prison (Spain)
This is a jail, the only the one in the world with cell units for families. The idea is for kids to bond with their imprisoned parents while young enough to be oblivious to their surroundings. The prison has 36 cell units for families.
Bastoey Island low security prison (Norway)
This is the first first ecological prison in the world. It uses low security prison uses solar panels for energy, produces most of its own food, recycles everything it can and tries to reduce its carbon footprint. The solar panels have cut the prison’s electricity needs by up to 70 percent and all the food served by inmates is organic.
If the quantity exceeded 0.04 ppm for the first time, the driver will pay up to 12,500 dollars and lose license for three years. For relapse, a person can be sent to prison and criminalized.
In the Czech Republic, as well as in some Eastern European countries, for example - Hungary, Slovakia, Romania, there is “zero tolerance to alcohol”, ie 0.0 ppm, and in the case of violations of the law the penalty is 200-470 Euros.
According to European system of traffic rules permitted alcohol level should not exceed 0.5 ppm. Such a rule is established in almost all the countries of Western Europe. For example in Germany, A drunk driver, hitting first is paying 500 euros for the second time - 1000 euro, while the third violation may cost as much as 3000 Euros
In England one can use up to 0.8 ppm, it is almost 2 glasses of wine. But Great Briotain also impose Europe’s largest fines for driving drunkenness - 7200 Euros!
In America, drinkers can go to prison for a term of six months to one year, as well as being subjected to prolonged deprivation of a driver’s license. Allowable blood alcohol content - 0.8 ppm (for drivers over 21 years old). The driver first caught drunk (and not become a cause of the accident), get off with a fine of $ 300 and forfeiture of rights for six months.For the second violation, the penalty can be up to five thousand dollars, in the third - to 10 thousand dollars. If the drunk driver caused the fatal accident, he will receive 10 years in prison, but according to the laws of a state standards may be different.
The International Bar Association was founded in 1947 as a voluntary bar association of international legal practitioners, bar associations and law societies. The organization currently incorporates as members approximately 50,000 individual lawyers and 200 bar associations and law societies. IBA’s global headquarters are located in London, England, and it has regional offices in Washington, D.C., United States, Seoul, South Korea and Sao Paulo.
On 17 February 1947 representatives of 34 national bar associations gathered in New York to create this institution. In 1970, IBA membership was opened to individual lawyers. Members of the legal profession including attorneys, solicitors, barristers, advocates, members of the judiciary, in-house lawyers, government lawyers, academics and law students may comprise the membership of the IBA.
The IBA is divided into two divisions – the Legal Practice Division (LPD) and the Public and Professional Interest Division (PPID). Each Division houses different committees and meetings that are dedicated to specific practice areas and regular publications that focus on areas of interest in international legal practice are issued.
The PPID houses the Bar Issues Commission (BIC) and Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI). The BIC was established in 2004 and consists of representatives from bar associations and law societies around the world, while (IBAHRI) was established in 1995 under the honorary presidency of Nelson Mandela and its goals are to promote, protect and enforce human rights under a just rule of law.
IBA also has held Special Consultative status before the UN General Assembly and the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) since 1947.
The IBA plays an important role in issuing codes and guidance on international legal practice. And the organization issued Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration, adopted in 1999 and revised in 2010, a document which is commonly used by parties in international commercial arbitration.
Fort Ord, USA
Fort Ord is a former United States Army post on Monterey Bay of the Pacific Ocean coast in California, which closed in 1994. The fort was established in 1917 for World War I as a maneuver area and field artillery target range, and was considered one of the most attractive locations of any U.S. Army post, because of its proximity to the beach and California weather.
Saint Nazaire Submarine Base, France
The submarine base of Saint-Nazaire is a large fortified U-boat pen built by the Germans during the Second World War in Saint Nazaire. It is one of the five large submarine bases built by the Third Reich in Occupied France. Between late 1943 and early 1944, a fortified lock was built to protect submarines during their transfer from the Loire river and the pens. The lock is 155 meter long, 25 meter wide, and 14 meter high and the roof features anti-aircraft armament.
Johnston Atoll, USA
The Johnston Atoll might belong to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service today, but before that, it was the Army’s playground for 70 years. It was covered in radioactive debris for a while thanks to test launch failures in 1962, and this is where they stored all the Agent Orange and mustard gas after the Vietnam War.
Flak Towers, Austria and Germany
lak towers were 8 complexes of large, above-ground, anti-aircraft gun blockhouse towers constructed in the cities of Berlin (3), Hamburg (2), and Vienna (3) from 1940 onwards. They were used by the Luftwaffe to defend against Allied air raids on these cities during World War II. They also served as air-raid shelters for tens of thousands of people and to coordinate air defense.
Zeljava Underground Airbase, Croatia
Started in 1948 and finished twenty years later, this underground base was one of the largest and most expensive military construction projects in Europe. Due to the Yugoslav Wars in the early nineties, the area is still full of mines and bombs, so this place though it is abandoned still looks impressive.
World Map according to Posidonius - about 150-130 BC
These maps of the 16th century made by the Portuguese and containing one of the first images of America with Brazil and Florida and Caribbean Islands.
The original vision of the world by Petro Sollo in 1520, when from Asia to the Indian Ocean ha drew a large “Dragon `s Tail”
1587 year map containing a hypothetical representation of Antarctica, a continent discovered later in 1820
These highly decorative maps of the world, containing hypothetical placement and size of Antarctica, as well as parts of North America missing, were issued in Amsterdam in 1689.