If the quantity exceeded 0.04 ppm for the first time, the driver will pay up to 12,500 dollars and lose license for three years. For relapse, a person can be sent to prison and criminalized.
In the Czech Republic, as well as in some Eastern European countries, for example - Hungary, Slovakia, Romania, there is “zero tolerance to alcohol”, ie 0.0 ppm, and in the case of violations of the law the penalty is 200-470 Euros.
According to European system of traffic rules permitted alcohol level should not exceed 0.5 ppm. Such a rule is established in almost all the countries of Western Europe. For example in Germany, A drunk driver, hitting first is paying 500 euros for the second time - 1000 euro, while the third violation may cost as much as 3000 Euros
In England one can use up to 0.8 ppm, it is almost 2 glasses of wine. But Great Briotain also impose Europe’s largest fines for driving drunkenness - 7200 Euros!
In America, drinkers can go to prison for a term of six months to one year, as well as being subjected to prolonged deprivation of a driver’s license. Allowable blood alcohol content - 0.8 ppm (for drivers over 21 years old). The driver first caught drunk (and not become a cause of the accident), get off with a fine of $ 300 and forfeiture of rights for six months.For the second violation, the penalty can be up to five thousand dollars, in the third - to 10 thousand dollars. If the drunk driver caused the fatal accident, he will receive 10 years in prison, but according to the laws of a state standards may be different.
The International Bar Association was founded in 1947 as a voluntary bar association of international legal practitioners, bar associations and law societies. The organization currently incorporates as members approximately 50,000 individual lawyers and 200 bar associations and law societies. IBA’s global headquarters are located in London, England, and it has regional offices in Washington, D.C., United States, Seoul, South Korea and Sao Paulo.
On 17 February 1947 representatives of 34 national bar associations gathered in New York to create this institution. In 1970, IBA membership was opened to individual lawyers. Members of the legal profession including attorneys, solicitors, barristers, advocates, members of the judiciary, in-house lawyers, government lawyers, academics and law students may comprise the membership of the IBA.
The IBA is divided into two divisions – the Legal Practice Division (LPD) and the Public and Professional Interest Division (PPID). Each Division houses different committees and meetings that are dedicated to specific practice areas and regular publications that focus on areas of interest in international legal practice are issued.
The PPID houses the Bar Issues Commission (BIC) and Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI). The BIC was established in 2004 and consists of representatives from bar associations and law societies around the world, while (IBAHRI) was established in 1995 under the honorary presidency of Nelson Mandela and its goals are to promote, protect and enforce human rights under a just rule of law.
IBA also has held Special Consultative status before the UN General Assembly and the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) since 1947.
The IBA plays an important role in issuing codes and guidance on international legal practice. And the organization issued Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration, adopted in 1999 and revised in 2010, a document which is commonly used by parties in international commercial arbitration.
Fort Ord, USA
Fort Ord is a former United States Army post on Monterey Bay of the Pacific Ocean coast in California, which closed in 1994. The fort was established in 1917 for World War I as a maneuver area and field artillery target range, and was considered one of the most attractive locations of any U.S. Army post, because of its proximity to the beach and California weather.
Saint Nazaire Submarine Base, France
The submarine base of Saint-Nazaire is a large fortified U-boat pen built by the Germans during the Second World War in Saint Nazaire. It is one of the five large submarine bases built by the Third Reich in Occupied France. Between late 1943 and early 1944, a fortified lock was built to protect submarines during their transfer from the Loire river and the pens. The lock is 155 meter long, 25 meter wide, and 14 meter high and the roof features anti-aircraft armament.
Johnston Atoll, USA
The Johnston Atoll might belong to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service today, but before that, it was the Army’s playground for 70 years. It was covered in radioactive debris for a while thanks to test launch failures in 1962, and this is where they stored all the Agent Orange and mustard gas after the Vietnam War.
Flak Towers, Austria and Germany
lak towers were 8 complexes of large, above-ground, anti-aircraft gun blockhouse towers constructed in the cities of Berlin (3), Hamburg (2), and Vienna (3) from 1940 onwards. They were used by the Luftwaffe to defend against Allied air raids on these cities during World War II. They also served as air-raid shelters for tens of thousands of people and to coordinate air defense.
Zeljava Underground Airbase, Croatia
Started in 1948 and finished twenty years later, this underground base was one of the largest and most expensive military construction projects in Europe. Due to the Yugoslav Wars in the early nineties, the area is still full of mines and bombs, so this place though it is abandoned still looks impressive.
World Map according to Posidonius - about 150-130 BC
These maps of the 16th century made by the Portuguese and containing one of the first images of America with Brazil and Florida and Caribbean Islands.
The original vision of the world by Petro Sollo in 1520, when from Asia to the Indian Ocean ha drew a large “Dragon `s Tail”
1587 year map containing a hypothetical representation of Antarctica, a continent discovered later in 1820
These highly decorative maps of the world, containing hypothetical placement and size of Antarctica, as well as parts of North America missing, were issued in Amsterdam in 1689.
Blutgericht – translated from German: Blood Court or high justice in the Holy Roman Empire referred to the right of a Vogt (a reeve) to hold a criminal court inflicting bodily punishment, including the death penalty.
Not every Vogt held the blood court. Up to the 18th century, for example, the blood court of much of what is now the canton of Zürich lay with Kyburg, even in the territory ruled by the counts of Greifensee. The self-administration of the blood court was an significant factor of Imperial immediacy.
The Blutbanner “blood banner” or Blutfahne “blood flag” was a solid red flag. It was presented to feudal lords as a representation of their power of high jurisdiction - Blutgerichtsbarkeit together with the heraldic banner of the fief. Some feudal houses adopted a red field symbolic of the blood banner into their coat of arms, the so-called Regalienfeld. The Talschaft (forest canton) of Schwyz used the blood banner as a war flag from ca. 1240, and was later incorporated into the flag of Schwyz and the flag of Switzerland.
The Vatican Secret Archives
The Vatican Secret Archives, located in Vatican City, is the central depository for all of the acts promulgated by the Holy See. The entrance to the Archives building is adjacent to the Vatican Library off the Piazza of St. Peter’s. The archives contain as well the state papers, correspondence, papal account books, and many other documents which the church has accumulated over the centuries.
The Jiangsu National Security Education Museum (China)
The Jiangsu National Security Education Museum in China is home to top secret documents about the history of Chinese espionage. People are allowed to enter, but they have to be Chinese nationals due to the fact that they don’t want such sensitive spy information to be exposed to foreigners.
Pine Gap: Prohibited Area in Australia
Pine Gap is the commonly used name for a satellite tracking station approximately 18 kilometers southwest of the town of Alice Springs in the center of Australia which is operated by both Australia and the United States. The location is strategically important because it controls America’s spy satellites as they pass over the third of the globe which includes China, parts of Russia, and Middle East oil fields.
The Negev Nuclear Research Center in Israel
The Negev Nuclear Research Center is an Israeli nuclear installation located in the Negev desert, about thirteen kilometers southeast of the city of Dimona, Israel. The airspace over it is closed to all aircraft. They also implement the necessary measures to prevent unauthorized entry, so the area around it is heavily guarded and fenced off. Information about the facility remains extremely classified. But in 1986, Mordechai Vanunu, a former technician at Dimona, fled to the United Kingdom and revealed to the media some proof of Israel’s nuclear program and explained the function of each building, also revealing a top-secret underground facility straight below the installation.
The three major international drug control treaties nowadays are: the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 (as amended in 1972), the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971, and the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 198p. A significant goal of the first two treaties is to codify internationally applicable control measures in order to ensure the availability of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for medical and scientific purposes, and to stop their diversion into illicit channels. They also include general provisions on illicit drug trafficking and drug abuse.
The 1988 United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances extends the control regime to precursors, and focuses on establishing measures to fight illicit drug trafficking and related money-laundering, as well as intensification the framework of international cooperation in criminal matters, together with extradition and mutual legal support.
The three conventions attribute important functions to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs and to the International Narcotics Control Board. The Commission on Narcotic Drugs, composed of 53 Member States elected by the Economic and Social Council for a four-year term, is the central policy-making body with regard to drug-related matters, including the monitoring of the global trends of illicit drug trafficking and abuse. This functional commission of the Economic and Social Council adopts and recommends for adoption by the Council or to the General Assembly through the Council, resolutions on new concerted measures or agreed policies to better address the drug phenomenon. It decides whether new substances should be included in one of the schedules of the conventions and if changes or deletions in the schedules are required.
Another important body is the International Narcotics Control Board, which is a permanent and independent body, consisting of 13 members, who are elected for a five-year term by the Economic and Social Council on the basis of their competence and serve in their personal capacity. The Board monitors the implementation of the conventions and, where appropriate, makes recommendations to States. It gathers information on illicit trafficking, and submits an annual report on developments in the world situation to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs and to the Economic and Social Council.